Kyphi is the Greek translation of the Egyptian K’pt (Kapet), a mixture of aromatic herbs, spices, resins, gums, fragrant woods, roots, honey, and wine. It was primarily used as incense, a “perfume welcome” to gods. It is not known at what date Kyphi was first used in Egypt; however, the earliest references for burning resins in incense burners go as far back as the fifth dynasty (2494–2345 BC).

Many believed that the smoke rising from burning incense broke boundaries between the worlds of the living and gods and united them together. The thick, fragrant smoke of Kyphi purified and cleansed the air…